- 1 名前： nao 投稿日： 2003/11/02(日) 03:14 [ YahooBB219215240006.bbtec.net ]
Article 9. Aspiring sincerely to an international peace based on justice
and order, the Japanese people forever renounce war as a sovereign right of
the nation and the threat or use of force as means of settling international
In order to accomplish the aim of the preceding paragraph, land, sea, and
air forces, as well as other war potential, will never be maintained. The
right of belligerency of the state will not be recognized.
This is the article which used to "have been" controversial in Japanese politics.
I remember that the discussion about its implementation drew the attention of the people when Japanese government is trying to dispatch a peace keeping operation after the gulf war. By contrast, at the comming congressional election, it seems that it is no longer a key issue for the general public.
What has changed in these decade?
The weakness of Japanese economy might shift our interest from an idealistic discusssion to a practical solution. Or our education system might fail to take over what we had learnt from the 2nd world war. But I found that the change of the structure of the conflict would also be one of the reasons of it.
We can find in the artcle 9 that its underlying assumption was a war between/among nations. However, what we see today is a war between the majority who is competing without taking up arms based on a common rule, the U.S. style capitalism, and the minority who is denying such a rule, and sometimes is doing it in a terroristic way. In such a structure, the problem we have to solve is not a war as a sovereign right of the nation but a war caused by a traumatic experience with the association of the U.S. style capitalism.
I believe that the threating or using force is an absurd way for the solution. However, article 9 is not addressing clearly to the war we have to stop today. In that sense, I can understand that discussion about article 9 became obsolete for Japanese general public. I believe a new type of pacifism which clearly propose the solution for the conflict between the majority and the minority, and the renewed article which discribe such a concept is required.